New bipartisan legislation in the U.S. Congress seeks to amend the Internal Revenue Code to change the way liquified natural gas is taxed, from a volume (gallon) to an energy content (diesel gallon equivalent) basis. The LNG Excise Tax Equalization Act of 2013 (H.R. 2202), introduced by Representatives Mac Thornberry (R-Texas) and John Larson (D-Conn.), has been referred to the House Ways and Means Committee. Senators Michael Bennet (D-Colo.) and Richard Burr (R-N.C.) are expected to introduce a similar bill to the Senate. Currently, the federal highway excise tax on both diesel and LNG is set at 24.3 cents per gallon. However, it takes about 1.7 gallons of LNG to equal the energy content of one gallon of diesel. The result is the taxation of LNG at a rate 70 percent higher than diesel on an energy equivalent basis. The federal government already equalizes the tax between compressed natural gas and gasoline.
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